If you're just starting out with automated UI testing, it's easy to get overwhelmed. Like many aspects of the software world, the options are plentiful and varied, standards and tools are constantly evolving, and it’s hard to know where to start. This article provides a handy guide with some helpful resources to get you going.
Starting the journey to automated testing is difficult to navigate. There are so many choices for different automation tools, assertion libraries, testing frameworks, and even choices of what to test, it can be overwhelming to try and choose the right place to start. This article will address different user interface (UI) testing frameworks and the technology that you can choose from, and help you to understand the different components that go into a complete framework.
Perhaps you are a small development shop that is responsible for both the development and testing of your app. Maybe you are in the position in your organization where you are asked to make a decision about how you can automate the testing of your software, though you’ve never had to do this before. You may even be a manual QA tester that is looking to start automating application testing, but with little or no experience, you need direction in terms of which software to use, and where to start your testing journey.
Different testing tools cover different types of test environments. If you only need to test desktop web applications built with the latest technology stacks, like Angular, ReactJS or Vue.js, you might have heard more about frameworks like Cypress, Playwright, Puppeteer or Test Cafe.
Some testing libraries also provide support for different types of testing besides User Interface (UI) testing, so you will want to consider what your testing strategy will be before choosing all the pieces of your framework.
There are also the Espresso (Android) and XCUITest (iOS) families of testing libraries, which can be included as a part of an application’s code package. Android applications written in Java or Kotlin can use Espresso commands to test your application, while iOS developers can use XCUItests alongside their application.
There are different advantages and disadvantages to the different sets of tools and frameworks, and it’s important to work with an experienced QA Engineer or developer before you choose an overall testing plan. Keep in mind, that like all software, your needs and use cases will change over time, and that you need to be flexible with trying new and different solutions for your quality testing.
Choosing a well-supported technology such as Selenium or Appium can be helpful as there is a wide community of support, as well as more frequent features and updates; however, there can be a trade-off in terms of ease of use. With more choices comes more responsibility, and Sauce Labs offers support for a wide range of options to help you have confidence that you are delivering the best possible experience to your customers.
It’s impossible to recommend one framework overall as each company or application’s testing needs are different, as are the engineering knowledge and expertise available on your teams. Start your automated testing journey by learning test automation, see how you can run your existing tests on Sauce Labs.