Parallel JUnit 4 and Selenium – Part Two: External Properties

In the first part of this series, we saw how to make use of the Parameterized runner that comes with JUnit 4 to execute our tests across multiple browsers. But that came with two penalties. The increasing test duration will be addressed in part three, but today we'll address how to modify the browsers used without having to recompile our test.
As someone who sees a lot of different teams' Selenium code, I'm appalled at how often a simple change, such as adjusting which browser(s) to run against, requires a recompile. To me, that is a nasty code smell. Things that do not materially affect the purpose of the script and are often changing should be externalized out of the code. In our case, we are going to use a Properties file inside the @Parameters method. Nothing else in the script has changed.
@Parameters
public static LinkedList browsersStrings() throws Exception { 
  LinkedList browsers = new LinkedList();
  
  InputStream is = TestProperties.class.getResourceAsStream("/environment.properties");
  environmentProps.load(is);
  
  String[] rawBrowserStrings = environmentProps.getProperty("browsers").split(",");
  for (String rawBrowserString : rawBrowserStrings) {
    browsers.add(new String[] { rawBrowserString });
  }
  return browsers;
}

Nothing special here, just standard loading of a properties file that has a browsers key, which is a comma separated list of allowable Selenium browser strings. Now the same compiled code will run different browsers without actually change the Java code. The result is much nicer, but still has to address the problem of a massive increase in execution. That will be the subject of part three of this series.
To see the full source code the snippet was pulled from, see TestProperties.java

Written by

Adam Goucher

Topics

SeleniumUnit Testing

Categories